Sharing Networking Resources to Create a Pervasive Infrastructure

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This paper is a theoretical exploration of characteristics, challenges and possible applications of a new networking technology, AllNet, that would allow users to share a small fraction of their available resources in order to provide near-ubiquitous connectivity to each other.

Such technology can be used whenever the infrastructure is unavailable to provide low bandwidth and secure connectivity between individuals, and to the Internet at large, particularly in cases of emergency.

We address both technological and human aspects, with a focus on how to design the system in such a way to maximize the motivation to share resources.

Users’ motivations may range from “selfish” to “altruistic,” including mixed motivations. Drawing from both Game Theory and Social Psychology, we would like to offer diverse motivational strategies for diverse users.
For instance, gaining credit within an online community, and providing resources when abundant for the individual in order to receive them from others when the individual’s resources are scarce, are often considered selfish motivations, although they actually support the community as well. More directly altruistic motivations include participating in and supporting emergency communications, providing a service to others, and contributing in building a new online community.

AllNet would allow users to geocast and connect in pseudonymous ad hoc networks. This could be extremely useful in numerous contexts. Beside people in emergency or disaster situations, users may include travelers, whistle blowers, professionals such as journalists, lawyers or human rights workers who need to protect their sources, or dissidents in politically closed contexts. Emergent uses may also appear and spark new areas of research and design implementations.

Generally, we hope to cater to a range of motivations with the benefits that the new technology can provide to the individual, as well as the benefits the technology can provide to society and large numbers of individuals.

Keywords: Ad Hoc Networks, Peer-To-Peer Networks, Network Sharing, Human Motivation, Social Motivation
Stream: Technologies in Community
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Sharing Networking Resources to Create a Pervasive Infrastructure

Caterina Desiato

Doctoral Candidate, Interdisciplinary PhD Program in Communication and Information Sciences, University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Honolulu, HI, USA

Caterina Desiato is an International Fulbright Scholar in Communication and Information Sciences. She has just defended her dissertation proposal to study online communicational strategies that achieve consensus while maintaining heterogeneity. Her background is strongly interdisciplinary and deeply rooted in philosophy. She is currently collaborating in the “Traces” research project (NSF Virtual Organizations as Sociotechnical Systems program, grant #0943147) investigating multilevel analytic methods in the context of SRI’s Tapped In, the longest running online network of education professionals.

Dr. Edoardo Biagioni

Associate Professor, Information and Computer Sciences, University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Honolulu, HI, USA

Edo Biagioni joined the University of Hawai'i at Manoa as an Assistant Professor in August, 1997. He has been awarded tenure and promotion in 2004. He has been director of the Advanced Network Computing Laboratory (ANCL) from 1997 to 2005. Before UH, he was a Systems Scientist (and prior to that, a Post-Doctoral Research Associate) at the Department of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. At CMU he worked with the Fox Project on Advanced Languages for Systems Software. Before CMU, he worked for Fore Systems, writing software for ATM switches. Fore has been acquired by Marconi that has since been purchased by Ericsson. He started at Fore while writing his dissertation on "Scan Directed Load Balancing" at the Department of Computer Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with the advice of Gyula Mago and Jan Prins.

Ref: T13P0128